March 3, 2024


Arts Fanatics

How Smart is Dall-E 2?


Prompt: “Polymer clay dragons having pizza in a boat”

Laptop or computer-generated image (Dall-e 2 by OpenAI) 

For a many yrs now, computer systems have been capable to generate illustrations or photos based mostly on a all-natural-language prompt. 

The ensuing illustrations or photos have suffered from problems of logic and world-wide coherence.

For example, here is what you get if you give the laptop the prompt “A rabbit detective sitting down on a park bench and reading through a newspaper in a Victorian environment.” (Latent Diffusion LAION-400M via @loretoparisi)

The place are his legs? His arms? Are these textbooks or newspapers? Is that a espresso desk in entrance of his bench? 

The picture won’t make feeling, and we may possibly conclude that the problem arrives from the laptop not having any knowledge of dwelling in a overall body or working with the real environment. No make a difference how big the details sets, or how many levels of processing you bring to the endeavor, you cannot get past that limitation. 

Or can you? 

Open AI is one of the pioneers of creating sensible photos and artwork from descriptions in purely natural language. They a short while ago unveiled new software called Dall-e 2, which has pushed the boundaries of what is actually probable with this technology.

This is what Dall-E 2 does with the same prompt: “A rabbit detective sitting on a park bench and examining a newspaper in a Victorian setting.” 

The all round logic is a lot much better. Now he has legs and is seriously sitting down on that bench, even casting a shadow. But the picture is even now not best. What’s the black loop in his left hand? And why doesn’t he seem to be to be holding the newspaper with his appropriate hand? 

Here’s one extra illustration of how the engineering is improving upon, employing the prompt “teddy bears functioning on new AI investigation on the moon in the 1980s” 

The first version making use of more mature tech (laion400m) looks like a paste-up of unrelated things.

This is what Dall-e 2 arrived up with: a quite believable image with constant lighting.

This technology scares some operating artists and illustrators. @VividVoid suggests: “DALL-E is breaking my heart. AI art is about to lay utter waste to standard visual art kinds. This will be so much extra damaging than what the Net did to music. It will be a technological conquest of one of the great human avenues of spiritual transformation.”

AI skeptic Gary Marcus uncertainties whether or not the technological innovation will at any time exchange artists simply because it is just crunching major facts sets. It is really not understanding from embodied working experience, nor does it recognize symbolic or semantic concepts the way a human does. Marcus suggests: “This whole thread is weaponized cherry-picked PR the antithesis of science.”

Read a lot more

Podcast: Gary Marcus: Towards a Hybrid of Deep Understanding and Symbolic AI


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